Was Sardar Bhagat Singh communist or Arya Samaji?

Today, let’s understand this dispute of history from the beginning. The great Indian revolutionary and ideologist Sardar Bhagat Singh was hanged on the gallows by the British Government along with his revolutionary colleagues on 23 March 1931. He was such a great thinker and ideologist than even today his ideas and actions are appreciated and celebrated by Indian Community. However, on the contrary the manner in which the alleged historians of the country have represented his beliefs and ideology, is definitely disturbing.

It is often said about Bhagat Singh that he was an atheist, some other person says that he was a Sikh. The third says oh no! he was actually a communist. Amidst all these hollow claims, the real truth is suppressed, which also the family of Sardar Bhagat Singh accepts. It is believed that Bhagat Singh was influenced by the Russian Revolution and it is also true that he wrote an article after a debate with a prisoner Baba Randhir Singh while in jail, “Why am I an atheist”, which still cites as Bhagat Singh’s writing to prove him a atheist or communist. In actually that article was written by him in a huff. Because there is no such anecdote related to the life of Bhagat Singh that he has ever stayed in the home of any communist or sought any help from communist people.

Actually, Bhagat Singh and his entire family including his grandfather Sardar Arjun Singh, his father Kishan Singh and his two uncles were associated with the Arya Samaj founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. He was the originator of this post-1857 revolution along with his disciple Pt. Shyam Ji Krishna Varma, who were also the gurus of the revolutionaries such as Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Lala Hardayal, Bhai Parmanand, Senapati Bapat, Madanlal Dhingra, etc. These disciples never looked back in the freedom movement. Sri Jayachandra Vidyalankar was the Guide to the revolutionaries in Punjab as well as the professor of history and politics in D.A.V. College Lahore. Sardar Bhagat Singh and his revolutionary companions used to learn on politics from him.

At that time, the freedom movement was at its peak. There was such type of situation at all places that if the patriot revolutionaries require shelter, food, residence then it could be received in Arya samaj or in the house which belongs to Arya Samaji. Other people were so afraid of helping them that they could not have the courage to shelter them. For such reasons, after joining the national movement of revolution, Bhagat Singh stayed at the Veer Arjun office in Delhi along Swami Shradhanand and Pandit Indra Vidyavachaspati.

Not only this, Sardar Bhagat Singh went to Calcutta to buy some necessary chemical for making indigenous bombs to kill the notorious English officer Sanders who ordered lathi charge on Lala Lajpat Rai. This memoir has been given by Bhagat Singh’s family member Mrs. Virendra Sindhu in a book “Mrityunjay Purakhe”. Later on, this memoir itself was written by an accused and former Member of Parliament of Lahore case that after reaching Calcutta, Bhagat Singh’s visit to the market may be suspicious, due to which I was given this responsibility. I went to many shops. Most of the shopkeepers refused to give chemical due to government ban. After this, I went with Bhai Baijnath Singh to some of the shopkeepers who were sympathetic to the Kranti Dal. Among them was a shopkeeper B. Paul who gave us the chemical. We could not decide where we should go after lifting the chemical on the head of a laborer. Finally, both of us reached to Arya Samaj Calcutta. On the second day in the morning, Bhagat Singh, Phanindranath Ghosh (who later became a government witness) and Yatindranath Das together prepared the country gun cotton used in the indigenous bomb. Later, Bhagat Singh left for Agra after taking the remaining gun cotton.

Not only this, even before the assembly bombings, Bhagat Singh went to Calcutta with Durga Bhabhi and also on that day he stayed in the Arya Samaj temple. After this, he went to the kothi of Chhajiuram Ji, the famous trustee of Arya Samaj. The correct introduction of Bhagat Singh was not given to anyone here. Here Bhagat Singh used to tell his name Hari to everyone. This information has been given by Mrs. Virender Sindhu on page number 176 of the book Yugadrashta Bhagat Singh. The popular photograph of Sardar Bhagat Singh wearing hat was also taken during the Calcutta Visit of him.

It is further written in the book that Bhagat Singh was mentally prepared to throw a bomb in the assembly. So, when he left from Calcutta, Sushila Didi decorated his forehead by putting ’tilak’ with her blood and the closet under the roof of the Arya Samaj temple had given adieu farewell to this grand hero for an immortal but final wonderful sacrifice of life.

Now, this natural question arises from here that when Bengal was the seat of Marxism at that time and Calcutta also had houses and offices of the big left comrades and communists of the country, but Sardar Bhagat Singh Ji never met these people and neither did they go here. Why? The simple answer to this is that Bhagat Singh was not a communist rather he a pure Arya Samaji like his Arya family. He knew that the intoxication of selflessness and indigenous devotion lies only in the Arya Samaj. Yes, like people associated with Arya Samaj, he did not believe in superstition, idolatry, hypocrisy and, because of this, some people considered him an atheist.

Dharampal arya- (President) Delhi Arya Pratinidhi Sabha

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